Reading & Phonics

Reading and Spelling

Reading and spelling at Gorse Hill Primary are taught primarily using the Letters and Sounds
programme and a banded book reading scheme.

Letters and Sounds

From Nursery to Year 2, children will be taught phonics on a daily basis. Letters and Sounds is
divided into six phases. Some children will continue with this programme in KS2. An overview of
these phases is shown below.

The teaching of high quality phonic work: overview of phases

Phase One
Supports the importance of speaking and listening and develops children’s discrimination
of sounds, including letter sounds.

The children learn to pronounce the sounds themselves in response to letters, before blending them. This leads to them being able to read simple words and captions.

Letters: s, a, t, p, i, n, m, d, g, o, c, k, ck, e, u, r, h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

Tricky Words: the, to, I, no, go

Phase Three
Completes the teaching of the alphabet and moves on to sounds represented by more than one letter. The children will learn letter names and how to read and spell some tricky words.

Letters: j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu, ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

Tricky Words: he, she, we, me, be, was, my, you, they, her, all, are

Phase Four
The children learn to read and spell words containing adjacent consonants.

Tricky Words: said, so, have, like, some, come, were, there, little, one, do, when, out, what

Phase Five
The children broaden their knowledge of sounds for use in reading and spelling. They will begin to build word-specific knowledge of the spellings of words.

Sounds: ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, ey, a_e, i_e, u_e, o_e

Tricky Words: oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked, called, asked

Phase Six
This focuses more sharply on word-specific spellings. It encourages children to become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.

Home Reading

In the Nursery the children take home books to share. As they progress, some children will be given a reading book from the school’s banded reading scheme.
From Reception children progress through the bands at the pace deemed appropriate for them by ongoing teacher assessment.
Each band contains the whole range of genre with books from published schemes, well-known
authors and recommended primary book lists.
Please remember that the School Planner is a means of communication between home and school and we ask that you regularly feed back how your child is progressing with their book, as it is important to ensure they read as much as possible and that we ensure their books are changed as needed.

School Reading

The most effective way of teaching reading is through small-group guided sessions with a member of staff working closely with a group. Therefore, your child will read regularly with their class teacher within a guided or shared session.

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